Category Archives: Ethics & Morality

Ontology, Modality and the Fallacy of Reference (Cambridge

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Act-utilitarianism -- The principle of utility is applied directly to each alternative act in a situation of choice. Ideal or Euergetic Ethics, the good and the bad: goods for self -- Ideal or Euergetic Ethics, the good and the bad: Interests of contract are reciprocal obligations undertaken in innocent (not agreements to do wrong), informed (without fraud), free (without force or threat), deliberate (with intention to assume an obligation), mutual agreement between competent persons.

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The Deluge in the Light of Modern Science A Discourse

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Lectures On Moral Science: Delivered Before The Lowell

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Further, we might question whether a believer who acts simply in accordance with commandments is really behaving morally at all. Family Values: Subjects Between Nature and Culture. Prerequisites: upper-division standing or consent of instructor. Luce Professor in Human Dimensions of Global Change at Carleton College, and Professor of Philosophy at the University of Colorado, Boulder, where he was the only faculty member to have won both the Dean's award for research in the social sciences and the Chancellor's award for research in the humanities.

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Nietzsche: A Critical Life

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The nature of a virtue is that a vice is almost always hidden inside. Again there are different versions: Emotivism: the view, defended by A. Conceptually and in principle, morality and a religious value system are two distinct kinds of value systems or action guides." [39] Within the wide range of moral traditions, religious value systems co-exist with contemporary secular frameworks such as consequentialism, freethought, humanism, utilitarianism, and others.

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The Reception of Aristotle's Ethics

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This article may have been largely responsible for the resurrgence of interest in Virtue Ethics). He continues, "Almost no one holds such an extreme view." The argument for why this is so, however, is not obvious, and some of Kant’s thinking seems hardly convincing: Insofar as we are rational, he says, we already necessarily will that all of our talents and abilities be developed. What Kant means by this is that they way that we judge an action to be moral is to universalise it: If I want to know if telling a lie on a particular occasion is justifiable, I must try to imagine what would happen if everyone was to lie.

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A Short History of Ethics

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It must be noted here that I reserve the division of duties for a future metaphysic of morals; so that I give it here only as an arbitrary one (in order to arrange my examples). I propose the hypothesis in “The Problem with Morality – Conservatives VS. I will be tolerant of those who are different from me. In the Critique of Practical Reason, he states that it is simply a “fact of reason” (Factum der Vernunft) that our wills are bound by the CI, and he uses this to argue that our wills are autonomous.

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The Positive Philosophy of Auguste Comte

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A study of selected texts or topics from philosophers of the eighteenth century: for example, Kant or Hume. Situational ethics dictate that the moral path be decided by the context of the issue at hand, rather than have a textbook judgment for everything. There are a number of reasons for its appeal. 3-36. o Utilitarianism is attractive to many because it matches the views we tend to hold when discussing governmental policies and public goods. Above I argued that Plato and Aristotle do not imply that the single individual attains a good life in isolation.

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Phaedrus

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I suspect that this is Kant's view, as part of a moralistic system of ethics in which, as Nelson says, "every action must be characterized as either fulfillment or violation of duty." Its beastly character takes the form of a Bear or a Dragon. In short, it aims to instill universally-accepted core values which we hold in high regard in order to promote individual quality of life and domestic welfare. Failure to do so means lost market share, and shrinking popularity, which reduces revenues, profits, or whatever other results the organisation seeks to achieve. better staff attraction and retention - the best staff want to work for truly responsible and ethical employers.

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The Ethics of the Fathers

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For reason recognises the establishment of a good will as its highest practical destination, and in attaining this purpose is capable only of a satisfaction of its own proper kind, namely, that from the attainment of an end, which end again is determined by reason only, notwithstanding that this may involve many a disappointment to the ends of inclination. Studies in the Nature of Character, I: Studies in Deceit. But I hope you'll all do better than that. This may suggest that at least some relativists are getting at something that is not being refuted and that the critics are missing.

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The True Book Of Sam Clear Water: Wisdom From Walden-San

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This suite of behaviors includes empathy, reciprocity, altruism, cooperation, and a sense of fairness. [18] In related work, it has been convincingly demonstrated that chimpanzees show empathy for each other in a wide variety of contexts. [19] They also possess the ability to engage in deception, and a level of social politics [20] prototypical of our own tendencies for gossip and reputation management. Would this behavior be consistent with my obligations of citizenship?

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