Category Archives: Ethics & Morality

Beyond the Western Tradition: Readings in Moral and

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This has led to charges of individuals claiming to hold attitudes that they do not really have, and therefore are in some way insincere. As I have indicated, those who make this kind of attack upon recent writers do not often go back far enough in their search for whipping-boys. "The Numbers Problem," Philosophy & Public Affairs (2006).(with D. There is no doubt that some values and morals are taught in public schools. My ethical obligations are not to the law but to the good of my patient.

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Outlines of a Critical Theory of Ethics (Classic Reprint)

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Officer of a provincial reconstruction team. Inline citations take the form (Author p. page) with no year. The central issue for Aristotle is the question of character or personality — what does it take for an individual human being to be a good person? Having established his "historical" depiction of the origins of values in the first essay, Nietzsche turns again to his strength, psychological interpretation, for the second and third essays.

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The Method of Teaching and Studying the Belles Lettres, Or,

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The Carnegie Council, October 29, 2003. � Reason over Passion. For to tolerate another’s viewpoint implies that this other person has a right to his or her viewpoint despite the fact that others may think it is wrong. The tyranny of this idiosyncrasy, however, results in the theory of "adaptation" being pushed forward into the van of the argument, exploited; adaptation--that means to say, a second-class activity, a mere capacity for "reacting"; in fact, life itself has been defined (by Herbert Spencer) as an increasingly effective internal adaptation to external circumstances. (II, 12) Thus, Nietzsche, while tackling the problems of man-as-animal explicitly rejects the Darwinian vision, and strives for his own original depiction of man-as-animal.

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The Nature of Goodness

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The New York Review of Books, May 15, 2003. � Taking Humanism Beyond Speciesism. MORAL SENSITIVITY. "In this scenario, I do this, for these reasons": narrative, genre and ethical reasoning. In the first chapter of his Utilitarianism, Mill implies that the Universal Law formulation of the Categorical Imperative could only sensibly be interpreted as a test of the consequences of universal adoption of a maxim. Use these links (or those to the left) for more information: You can look at a full Vita (in PDF format), or the page for the Philosophy Department here at the University at Albany, SUNY.

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Numbers: A Population Reduction Proposal

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Another faculty member wanted to know, "Whose ethics, what values, are we going to teach?" On the latter view, moral demands gain their authority simply because a rational will, insofar as you are rational, must will them. Peterson and Seligman [14] approach the anthropological view looking across cultures, geo-cultural areas and across millennia. There was nothing in reality that man could not attain by pure reason. The law as it stands intends to protect the vulnerable and Keir Starmer’s comments on the new policy suggest that a more successful balance may be achieved in future, as each case will considered on its own merits.

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Deeper into Pictures: An Essay on Pictorial Representation

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If I only ask for the book in order to appear nice and hope that my friend is likely to do more things for me in the future, then I am still treating him as a means only. Or are we brains in a jar, hooked up to electrodes? As we will see, public institutions must be the former but not the latter. It is one view of law that it tends to favor existing power structures and relationships, not necessarily or not only through some sort of Machiavellian attempt to maintain power through evil means, but because existing systems seem to work well (enough) and because they seem psychologically to be normal and reasonable, especially to those in power.

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The Essays

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A similar kind of ethical developmentalism can be read out of Being and Time, although there we notice a radicalization of Aristotle's formulations. Let us now apply these three levels of ethical inquiry to environmental ethics. The natural law functions in a way that is analogous to the aforementioned principles. If you look at this in terms of harm/care and fairness/reciprocity these answers become clear. Some Departments of Philosophy have courses with titles like "Introduction to Ethics" and others with titles like "Introduction to Moral Philosophy."

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Ethics

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Lastly, we have the ability to make changes though moral self-reflection. Everything from mutual dependence to child rearing to education to the phenomenon of recognition lends support to the idea that we become individuals only in and out social relations. We also know when we are being treated unfairly without being taught. I will also assume that everyone agrees that good morals and values are formally taught to children, not learned instinctively or informally (like bad habits), and that they will in all likelihood live un-virtuous and unhappy lives if they are not taught such things in some way.

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Oxford Studies in Metaethics: Volume 9

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Many philosophers believe that morality consists of following precisely defined rules of conduct, such as "don't kill," or "don't steal." Unfortunately, Kant noted, virtue does not insure wellbeing and may even conflict with it. Suspected errors of fact, logic, and relevance can be indicated, debated, and refuted. Another faculty member wanted to know, "Whose ethics, what values, are we going to teach?" Applied ethics takes the basics from metaethics and normative ethics, twists them around, and derives lists of actions that should or should not be done in particular fields.

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Personal Identity, the Self, and Ethics

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This list of values (more than 400 of them) and its companion article "Living Your. Yet a substance cannot achieve that final end without exercising the powers it has in virtue of its substantial form. Innate knowledge simply implies you are born with it; it comes prewired. Man is innately proactive, spontaneous, exhibits "spontaneous play throughout all phenomena" (II, 12). Moral sense theorists like the Earl of Shaftesbury (1671–1713) and the Presbyterian minister Francis Hutcheson (1694–1746) were not atheists, but their views began to make God marginal for morality.

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